Conviviality Fire Sale

Conviviality (CVR) has now gone into administration, and the ordinary shares are probably worthless (they were suspended some days ago and are likely to remain so). The administrators have already sold the major parts of the business in “pre-pack” administration deals. That’s where arrangements are made to dispose of assets in advance of the appointment of administrators by the prospective administrators before they have in fact been appointed. Is that legal you may ask? Yes it is because of a past legal case however perverse the result might be.

It’s interesting to look at the deals done by the Conviviality administrators:

  1. Retail chains Bargain Booze and Wine Rack have been sold to Bestway for £7 million.
  2. The wholesale division comprising the former businesses of Mathew Clark and Bibendum has been sold to C&C (owners of Magners Cider) for £1, although it seems the new owners have taken on some of the debts owed.

Matthew Clark was bought by C&C for £200 million three years ago and Bibendum was bought for £60 million in 2016. You can see why I call this a “fire sale” when the administrator seems to have lined up buyers in just a few days and disposed of these businesses at a value that seems to be a great bargain for the buyers.

One of the problems with administrations is that often the administrators have an objective to sell the business absolutely as soon as possible. This is to protect their own financial interests it frequently appears to me as much as it is to protect the jobs of employees and maintain a business as a “going concern”. Administrators can only get paid out of the cash that is present in the business or can be collected. That’s why nobody wanted to take on the administration of Carillion and it went straight into liquidation.

Administrators have an obligation to market a business for sale but can that be done adequately and the best price obtained when the deal has clearly been done in just a few days? That obviously does not allow any time for the normal due diligence on a substantial deal so the buyers won’t have paid anywhere near the normal market price for the assets.

In summary, the buyers of the assets get a great deal, the jobs get preserved (at least to some extent), the bankers to the company often get their loans back and the administrators get well paid while minimising their risks. But the previous owners of the business (the ordinary shareholders) get left with nothing. Is that equitable?

In effect the current legal structure, and particularly the pre-pack arrangements, enable the rapid dismantling of a business when it might have been recoverable if the company had been able to have more time to refinance the business and stave off its creditors for just a few weeks.

This is why I argue that the current UK insolvency regime needs reform. It destroys companies in short order when ordinary shareholders have often invested in the company to grow the business in the past. In the case of Conviviality it only listed on AIM in 2013 and did subsequent placings to finance its expansion.

The reason for the invention of “administration” in the insolvency regime was to enable a more measured wind-up, disposal or restructuring of a business rather than a liquidation. But insolvency practitioners (i.e. administrators) seem to have changed it into a short-cut to wind-up. Reform is surely needed.

Roger Lawson (Twitter: https://twitter.com/RogerWLawson )

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VE and Pre-Packs

There was an interesting report in today’s FT on the case of Ve Interactive, a UK company once allegedly worth more than $1 billion (at least they had several hundred employees) which went into administration after making heavy losses. It is alleged that CEO and founder David Brown mismanaged the company and he has subsequently be made bankrupt.

The business was taken over by a consortium of investors (including Douglas Borrowman and Mark Pearson) some of whom became directors before it went into administration. It was subsequently sold quickly to those directors via a pre-pack (for £2 million).

But the administration (by Smith & Williamson) has been challenged in court and they have been removed by the court. Mr Brown and two former members of the consortium mounted the challenge based on the claim that the administrators were “completely blind” to the conflict of interest in selling the business to the directors. They also claim the sales process was mishandled and bidders only had one day to make an offer. They say there was no chance of a meaningful bid being made because of insufficient information being provided to potential buyers. Ve Interactive is now trading as “VE” and is owned by Ve Global UK Ltd.

At least that’s the gist of the story so far as one can understand such complex events.

In essence this is a typical example of a pre-pack administration which I have commented on many times in the past. A business is sold in extreme haste, often to related parties as in this case. The process happens so quickly that there is no chance of adequate marketing of the business to get a fair price. The administrators can ignore anyone but their chosen buyer and deter them by restricting information and giving them little time to raise finance or adequately consider the matter.

In summary, pre-packs are ethically dubious, legally corrupt and should be outlawed as soon as possible. As I said only recently in an article about events at Carillion: “Regrettably in the UK, insolvency law seems to have been devised mainly in the interests of insolvency practitioners and bankers. It is time for a complete reform of the law and practices in this area.”

Roger Lawson (Twitter: https://twitter.com/RogerWLawson )

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Obituary – Steve Marshall

The Daily Telegraph ran a lengthy obituary on Steve Marshall today, who died recently at the young age of 60. It covered his financial career in a not particularly complimentary way although some might say he took on a lot of difficult positions.

He first came to public prominence when he became CEO of Railtrack after Gerald Corbett was forced to resign, despite having minimal experience of the railway industry. Railtrack was part of the former British Rail that had been privatised and then ran into a number of problems. Indeed the financial difficulties seemed to escalate under Marshall and the company had to be nationalised (Marshall promptly resigned) as it was on the verge of bankruptcy according to the Government. Shareholders got some compensation but only after a fight. The business was renamed Network Rail and is a rather peculiar private “not for profit” company. If Jeremy Corbyn ever gets elected, he may change the status and ownership yet again.

Steve Marshall was an accountant by training and served as finance director of Thorn EMI before his stint at Railtrack. The Telegraph mentions the disappointment of some bondholders in Thorn EMI when the company was sold to Nomura.

After Railtrack, Marshall took on the role of troubleshooter being involved with Queens Moat Hotels, Delta, Torex Retail, Balfour Beatty, Biffa and Wincanton. The Telegraph has nothing positive to say about any of these roles.

I had some contact with Marshall when I represented shareholders in Torex Retail. We were so concerned about the actions of Marshall, and the company’s banker’s (RBS) after the company ran into financial difficulties due to an accounting fraud that a requisition for an EGM to remove him and the other directors and replace them was submitted. There was a good chance of winning the vote. This was pre-empted when Marshall promptly invoked a “pre-pack” administration – a good example of the dubious nature of such transactions.

There were other offers on the table to that from the buyer preferred by the board and RBS but they were ignored. I never did understand why, but it was certainly plain that the interests of RBS seemed to take priority over that of the ordinary shareholders. It has of course subsequently become apparent that RBS treated many of their customers who got into financial difficulties and got involved with their “Global Restructuring Group” in the most appalling manner – see the internet for lots of examples of how money was extracted and business ownership coerced.

So in conclusion, are there any investors who gained from Marshall’s activities in the companies with which he was involved? Now is the time to speak out if so!

Roger Lawson (Twitter: https://twitter.com/RogerWLawson )

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